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Important Information on SC

Scheduled Caste

The Scheduled Castes (SCs) are official designation given to various groups of historically disadvantaged indigenous people in India. In modern literature, the Scheduled Castes are sometimes referred to as adi dravida or Dalits. The term is recognised in the Constitution of India.

The Scheduled Castes constitute about 16.6 percent of India's population (according to the 2011 census), which is nearly 20.14 crore against 16.66 crore in 2001. The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,108 castes across 29 states in its First Schedule*. The Scheduled Caste population showed a decadal growth of 20.8%, whereas India's population grew 17.7% during the same period.

Indicator Absolute Percentage Growth Rate (2001-11)
2001 2011 2001 2011
Total Population
Total 1,02,86,10,328 1,21,05,69,573 100.0 100.0 17.7
Rural 74,23,02,537 83,34,63,448 100.0 100.0 12.3
Urban 28,63,07,791 37,71,06,125 100.0 100.0 31.7
Scheduled Castes
Total 16,66,35,700 20,13,78,086 16.2 16.6 20.8
Rural 13,30,10,878 15,38,50,562 17.9 18.5 15.7
Urban 3,36,24,822 4,75,27,524 11.7 12.6 41.3
Source: Primary Census Abstract for Total population, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, 2011, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
*Text of the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, as amended -http://lawmin.nic.in/ld/subord/rule3a.htm

There are around 9.79 crore women among the total SC population. Nagaland, Lakshwadeep and Andaman and Nicobar islands have no scheduled castes among their population. Though, Four states account for nearly half of the country's Scheduled Caste population. Uttar Pradesh stands first with 20.5% of the total scheduled caste (SC) population, followed by West Bengal with 10.7%, Bihar with 8.2% and Tamil Nadu with 7.2 % come third and fourth, Punjab has the largest share of Scheduled Castes in its population at 31.9%. Himachal Pradesh and West Bengal follow Punjab with 25.2% and 23.5%.

SN States & UTs Percentage of SC
1 Andhra Pradesh 7.4
2 Arunachal Pradesh 0
3 Assam 7.2
4 Bihar 15.9
5 Chhattisgarh 12.8
6 Delhi 16.8
7 Goa 1.7
8 Gujarat 6.7
9 Haryana 20.2
10 Himachal Pradesh 25.2
11 Jammu & Kashmir 7.4
12 Jharkhand 12.1
13 Karnataka 17.1
14 Kerala 9.1
15 Madhya Pradesh 15.6
16 Maharashtra 11.8
17 Manipur 3.8
18 Meghalaya 0.6
19 Mizoram 0.1
20 Nagaland 0
21 Odisha 17.1
22 Punjab 31.9
23 Rajasthan 17.8
24 Sikkim 4.6
25 Tamil Nadu 20
26 Tripura 17.8
27 Uttar Pradesh 20.7
28 Uttarakhand 18.8
29 West Bengal 23.5
30 Chandigarh 18.9
31 Pudducherry 15.7
32 Daman & Diu 2.5
33 D&N Haveli 1.8
34 Andaman 0
35 Laskhwedeep 0
Primary Census Abstract for Total population, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, 2011, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India


Budget Allocation for 2017-18

Government is giving special importance to implementation of the schemes for welfare of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Minorities. The allocation for the welfare of Scheduled Castes has been stepped up from Rs. 38,833 crores in BE 2016-17 to Rs. 52,393 crores in 2017-18, representing an increase of about 35%. The allocation for Scheduled Tribes has been increased to Rs. 31,920 crores and for Minority Affairs to Rs. 4,195 crores. The Government will introduce outcome based monitoring of expenditure in these sectors by the NITI Aayog.

Schemes for SC

Empowering SC Youth